The RenalTracker Team
November 21, 2023

When it comes to maintaining kidney health, incorporating the right foods into your diet is crucial. Lentils, with their high nutritional value and kidney-friendly properties, can be a wonderful addition to your meals. 

In this blog post, we will explore which lentils are good for kidney disease, providing you with valuable information to make informed decisions about your diet and nourish your kidneys.

Understanding the Benefits of Lentils:

Lentils are not only a great source of plant-based protein but are also packed with essential nutrients such as fiber, iron, and folate. These nutrient powerhouses offer numerous health benefits, including maintaining healthy blood pressure, managing blood sugar levels, and supporting overall kidney function.

Kidney-Friendly Lentil Varieties:

Green Lentils:

Green or French lentils are a popular choice for individuals with kidney disease due to their low potassium and phosphorus content.

Green peas in a wooden scoop on a white background, highlighting the benefits of lentils for kidney disease.

They are also high in dietary fiber, which can help promote healthy digestion and prevent constipation, a common concern for those with kidney disease. They hold their shape well during cooking, making them perfect for salads or side dishes. These lentils have a slightly nutty taste and a firm texture, allowing them to add a satisfying bite to your favorite recipes. 

A spoon full of red lentils on a black background, suitable for kidney disease.

Red Lentils:

Red lentils are another kidney-friendly variety that cooks quickly and has a mild, nutty flavor. They are lower in potassium and phosphorus compared to other lentil types, making them an ideal choice for individuals on a kidney-friendly diet.

They have a slightly sweet and nutty taste, making them versatile for various dishes. Red lentils tend to turn mushy when cooked, which makes them ideal for soups, stews, and purees.

Black Lentils:

Black lentils, also known as Beluga lentils, have a rich, earthy flavor and hold their shape well when cooked.

Black sesame seeds in a wooden spoon on a wooden table.

They are an excellent source of protein, fiber, and iron, while being relatively low in phosphorus and potassium. Incorporating black lentils into your meals can provide a satisfying and nutrient-dense experience. They have a rich, earthy flavor and a slightly firmer texture compared to other lentils. They maintain their shape well during cooking and make a visually striking addition to salads and side dishes.

A pile of red lentils on a wooden table, showcasing varieties suitable for kidney disease.

Brown Lentils:

Brown lentils are the most common variety and are often found in grocery stores. They have a nutty flavor and a tender yet firm texture after cooking.

Brown lentils work well in a wide range of dishes, including soups, salads, and casseroles. Their versatility and affordability make them a popular choice for many.

Debunking the Myths Around Lentils and Kidney Disease

Contrary to popular belief, lentils do not pose any significant side effects for people with kidney disease. In fact, when included as part of a well-balanced diet, lentils can be highly beneficial.

Lentils are a great source of plant-based protein, which promotes muscle health and assists with overall body function. They are low in sodium, cholesterol-free, and packed with essential nutrients like fiber, iron, and folate.

Dispelling the Sodium Myth:

One concern often raised is the sodium content in lentils. While it is true that some canned or packaged lentils may contain added sodium, it is easy to incorporate low-sodium options into your diet. By rinsing and draining canned lentils or choosing dried lentils cooked from scratch, you can significantly reduce the sodium content.

Portion Control and Moderation:

As with any food, portion control is key. Consuming lentils in moderate quantities as part of a balanced meal plan is perfectly safe for people with kidney disease. Working with a healthcare professional or renal dietitian can help you determine the ideal portion sizes and ensure that lentils fit within your overall dietary restrictions and goals.

Harnessing the Power of Lentils for CKD

We will explore the remarkable advantages of including lentils in your kidney-friendly meal plans. From their high nutritional content to their positive impact on kidney function, lentils are a superfood that can support your journey towards improved kidney health.

Varieties of lentils displayed in bowls on a black surface.

Excellent Source of Plant-Based Protein:

  • Protein is an essential part of any diet, and lentils are a fantastic vegetarian source. As individuals with CKD need to manage their protein intake, lentils become an invaluable food option. Lentils are a rich source of plant-based protein, providing the necessary building blocks for maintaining muscle mass and promoting overall body function.

High in Fiber for Digestive Health:

  • Adequate fiber intake is crucial for maintaining digestive health, and lentils are an excellent source of dietary fiber. The fiber in lentils promotes regular bowel movements, helps manage blood sugar levels, and aids in reducing cholesterol levels. By including lentils in your diet, you can support both your kidney health and the overall well-being of your digestive system.

Low in Sodium for Blood Pressure Control:

  • Controlling blood pressure is essential for individuals with CKD, and lentils are naturally low in sodium. High sodium intake can aggravate hypertension, potentially impacting kidney function. By incorporating lentils into your meals, you can enjoy a flavorful and kidney-friendly food without worrying about increasing your sodium intake.

Rich in Essential Micronutrients:

  • Lentils are a nutritional powerhouse, packed with essential micronutrients that support overall health. They are a great source of iron, which is necessary for maintaining healthy red blood cells. Lentils also provide folate, which contributes to the production of DNA and new cells. These nutrients play a vital role in ensuring your body functions optimally, supporting your kidney health and overall well-being.

Lentils, a versatile and nutritious legume, are an excellent addition to any kidney-friendly meal plan. However, preparing lentils can feel overwhelming, especially for individuals with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). 

At Renaltracker's Avoid Dialysis Meal Planning Coaching Program, we understand that navigating the world of kidney-healthy diets can be challenging. That's why we've put together a simple and easy-to-follow guide on how to cook lentils, ensuring that you can confidently incorporate this superfood into your diet.

Step-by-Step Guide to Cooking Lentils:

Rinse and Sort Lentils:

  • Thoroughly rinse the lentils under running water and pick out any debris or stones. This step helps ensure that your lentils are clean and ready to cook.

Soak Lentils (Optional):

Choose Your Cooking Method:

  • There are several ways to cook lentils, including boiling, simmering, or using a pressure cooker. Choose the method that works best for you and your kitchen setup.

Add Water and Lentils to a Pot:

Bring to a Boil and Simmer:

  • Bring the pot to a boil over high heat and then reduce to low heat, allowing the lentils to simmer gently. Stir occasionally, and add more water if necessary.

Cook Until Tender:

  • Depending on the cooking method and the type of lentils used, cooking times can vary from 20-45 minutes. Test the lentils for tenderness by tasting one or pressing them between your fingers. Once the lentils are cooked to your liking, drain any excess water.


Understanding Phosphorus Content in Lentils:

Phosphorus is an essential mineral found in many foods, and individuals with CKD need to monitor their phosphorus intake to maintain optimal kidney health. While lentils are naturally high in phosphorus, some varieties have lower levels, making them a suitable choice for a renal diet.

Consider Low-Phosphorus Lentil Varieties:

Red Lentils:

  • Red lentils are a popular choice for their mild flavor and quick cooking time. They are lower in phosphorus compared to other lentil varieties, making them an ideal option for kidney-friendly meals.

Split Yellow Lentils:

  • Split yellow lentils, also known as moong dal, are commonly used in Indian cuisine. They have a lower phosphorus content and cook quickly, making them a convenient choice for nutritious soups, stews, or side dishes.

Green Lentils:

  • While green lentils contain slightly more phosphorus compared to red and yellow lentils, they are still a viable option for individuals with CKD. By consuming them in moderation and as part of a balanced diet, you can benefit from their fiber, protein, and other essential nutrients.

Demystifying the Potassium Content of Lentils

We will shed light on the potassium content of lentils, providing clarity and guidance for those navigating their kidney-healthy meal plans. Rest assured, Renaltracker's Avoid Dialysis Meal Planning Coaching Program is here to support you every step of the way.

Exploring High-Potassium Varieties of Lentils:

While lentils are generally considered a beneficial part of a kidney-healthy diet, it's crucial to be aware of the potassium content in different varieties. Here is a breakdown of selected high-potassium lentil varieties and their respective potassium levels per 100g:

A table showing the different types of green beans.

Creating a Balanced Kidney-Friendly Diet:

Although these lentil varieties contain higher amounts of potassium, it's still possible to include them in a balanced kidney-friendly diet. Moderation is key.

Working with our experienced renal dietitians at Renaltracker's Avoid Dialysis Meal Planning Coaching Program, you can personalize your meal plans to ensure your overall dietary potassium intake remains within the recommended limits.

Understanding Lentil's Potassium Content:

Lentils are an excellent source of plant-based protein, fiber, and other essential nutrients, but they do contain some potassium. However, the good news is that the potassium content in lentils can be managed with proper preparation and portion control.

Portion Control is Key:

  • Moderation is crucial when it comes to including lentils in a kidney-friendly diet. By controlling portion sizes, you can enjoy the benefits of lentils without exceeding your recommended potassium intake. Working closely with a healthcare professional or renal dietitian can help you determine the ideal portion sizes of lentils that fit within your overall dietary restrictions and goals.

Soaking and Draining Lentils:

  • If you have concerns about potassium levels in lentils, there is a simple technique to further reduce their potassium content. Soaking dry lentils in water for several hours and then thoroughly rinsing them before cooking can help lower the potassium levels. Discarding the soaking water and rinsing removes some of the potassium, making lentils even more kidney-friendly.

Discover the Many Nutrients They Offer

We'll dive deeper into the other nutrients found in lentils. Prepare to be amazed by the range of benefits these little legumes can provide!

Filling the Nutrient Gap:

Lentils are a nutritional powerhouse, packed with a diverse array of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Let's explore some of the other key nutrients found in lentils:

  • Folate: Lentils are an excellent source of folate, a B-vitamin vital for cell growth and development. Adequate folate intake is especially important for individuals with CKD, as it supports the production of healthy red blood cells.
  • Iron: Iron is crucial for red blood cell formation and oxygen distribution in the body. Lentils supply a good amount of non-heme iron, which is more easily absorbed in combination with vitamin C-rich foods such as citrus fruits or tomatoes.
  • Zinc: Lentils are a natural source of zinc, an essential mineral that plays a role in immune function, wound healing, and DNA synthesis. Including lentils in your diet can help support your overall health and well-being.
  • Magnesium: Magnesium is involved in over 300 biochemical reactions in the body, including energy production, bone health, and blood pressure regulation. Lentils provide a significant amount of magnesium to support these vital processes.

How to Incorporate Lentils in Your Kidney-Friendly Meals:

If you're a 50+ patient with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD), finding ways to incorporate kidney-friendly foods into your diet can feel overwhelming. However, one ingredient that deserves a special place on your plate is lentils. 

Soups and Stews:

Soups and stews are an excellent way to combine lentils with other kidney-friendly ingredients. Add cooked lentils to your favorite vegetable or chicken broth-based soups for a hearty and nutrient-rich meal. 

A nourishing bowl of lentil soup served alongside bread and carrots.

Lentils absorb flavors well, making them a perfect addition to comforting soups like lentil soup, vegetable and lentil soup, or even a spicy lentil curry.

A bowl of kidney-friendly lentil salad on a gray background.


Salads are a refreshing way to include lentils in your kidney-friendly meals. Cooked and chilled lentils can be tossed into green salads or used as a base for heartier grain-based salads. 

Consider combining lentils with fresh vegetables, low-potassium fruits like apples or cranberries, and a sprinkle of crumbled low-potassium cheese for a wholesome and satisfying meal.

Veggie Burgers:

For those looking to add variety to their diet, lentil-based veggie burgers can be an excellent choice. Combine cooked lentils with flavorful spices, herbs, and grated vegetables to create a delicious kidney-friendly burger patty. 

A plate with two burgers and a side of sour cream, served alongside lentils that are good for kidney disease.

Serve it on a whole-grain bun or lettuce wrap, and top it with kidney-friendly condiments and fresh vegetables for a nutritious and satisfying plant-based meal.

A plate of bread with olives and pesto, perfect for a light meal or appetizer.

Dips and Spreads:

Lentils can also be transformed into delicious and kidney-friendly dips and spreads. Blend cooked lentils with garlic, lemon juice, and a touch of olive oil to create a creamy and flavorful lentil hummus. 

Serve it with raw vegetable sticks or whole-grain crackers for a nutritious snack. You can also use lentil-based spreads as a flavorful filling for sandwiches or wraps.

Casseroles and One-Pot Meals:

Let lentils take center stage in kidney-friendly casseroles and one-pot meals. Combine cooked lentils with low-potassium vegetables, herbs, and spices to create a satisfying and nourishing dish.

Lentils, which are good for kidney disease, in a red bowl on a wooden table.

Whether it's a lentil and vegetable bake or a lentil and rice casserole, these one-pot wonders are both convenient and kidney-friendly.

At Renaltracker's Avoid Dialysis Meal Planning Coaching Program, we understand the challenges faced by individuals with kidney disease. Our program is designed to provide you with personalized meal planning and coaching, guiding you towards making kidney-friendly food choices, including incorporating lentils in your diet. With expert guidance and support, we ensure that you don't have to navigate this journey alone.


When it comes to kidney health, lentils can be a valuable addition to your diet. Their nutrient-dense nature and kidney-friendly properties make them an excellent source of plant-based protein, fiber, and essential minerals. Incorporating lentils such as green, red, or black varieties into your meals allows you to enjoy their flavors while supporting your kidney health.

Let Renaltracker's Avoid Dialysis Meal Planning Coaching Program be your companion in this journey, providing you with the necessary guidance and resources to optimize your kidney-friendly diet. Together, we can foster a nourishing and enjoyable lifestyle that benefits both your kidneys and overall well-being.


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